w08 Expand the Vision

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w08 Expand the Vision

Post by glegrady » Wed Jan 11, 2012 11:12 pm

The final project consists in you identifying a technology that expands our ability to see beyond the lens and to propose an artwork that explores its use. Such technologies are today used in industry, the medical world, astronomy, surveillance, marine biology, and other sciences. List a number of URLS (3 to 5) of what you found. Describe your choices
George Legrady

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Re: w08 Expand the Vision

Post by rjliang » Tue Mar 06, 2012 10:17 pm

1. Electroencephalograms

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/20 ... 083711.htm

Electroencephalograms (EEGs) are commercially available sensors that measure brain waves. Computer scientists from the AutoNOMOS innovation labs of Freie Universitat Berlin have used EEGs to develop a car steered by the power of thought. The scientists were able to distinguish the bioelectrical wave patterns for control commands (such as "left" and "right") and then succeeded in developing an interface to connect the sensors to their vehicle so that it can be controlled through thoughts.

2. Mechanophores


Mechanophores is a class of materials recently developed at the University of Illinois that change color when they are stressed or after a polymer reaches a critical strain. They could give an engineer a quick visual indication of whether a bridge is at risk and where the trouble lies prior to failure.

3. Skinput

http://illusion.scene360.com/technology ... interface/

Skinput is a technology created by Chris Harrison, Desney Tan, and Dan Morris, that appropriates the human body for acoustic transmission, allowing the skin to be used as an input surface. This is done by resolving the location of finger taps on the arm and hand by analyzing mechanical vibrations that propagate through the body. The signals are then collected using an array of sensors worn as an armband.

4. Neurobat


Produced by researchers at EPFL, Neurobat is a system that manages multiple parameters and learns what is best for your house by imitating the brain. Because most existing central heating systems only react to the outside temperature in regulating their output, Neurobat aims to save more energy through taking into account the properties of each building in terms of the habits of its users and its position with regard to the sun. Further, as the system continues to "learn" about these various parameters, it is able to make more precise adjustments and can eventually become capable of establishing predictive meteorological models that are specific to a given dwelling.

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Re: w08 Expand the Vision

Post by mogle09 » Wed Mar 07, 2012 4:05 pm

1. Aerial 3D System

http://www.popsci.com/technology/articl ... -necessary

This is a laser that uses beams of light to create a projection. Rather than needing a screen to create a 3-D illusion, this generates “plasma excitation in atoms of oxygen and nitrogen in the air.” Although the frame rate is kind of choppy, it creates 50,000 points of light per second. A basic video has a frame rate of 24-30 fps, whereas this has a frame rate of 10-15 fps. It creates a 3-D image that can be viewed in 360 degrees.

2. Nano-Ear

http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2 ... t-‘nano-ea

The “nano-ear” has the ability to “detect six orders of magnitude below the threshold of human hearing.” This allows people to listen to sounds at the bacterial level. The nano-ear is made of optical tweezers, which are laser “devices that use light to trap or manipulate a small particle in a particular point in space by drawing the particle to the most intense point in the laser beam’s electric field.” They are able to listen to the vibrations by rapping the nano particle and measuring the influence of many sound waves on the particle.

3. Tongue Drive

http://www.popsci.com/technology/articl ... wheelchair

Engineers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have created a a new way to control things. Using a magnetic tongue piercing and a paired retainer, they have created a controller which can control things like wheelchairs. When the user presses the piercing against different parts of the retainer it sends signals.

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Re: w08 Expand the Vision

Post by mmihalche » Wed Mar 07, 2012 6:34 pm

1. Seismograph


A seismograph, or seismometer, is an instrument used to detect and record earthquakes. Generally, it consists of a mass attached to a fixed base. During an earthquake, the base moves and the mass does not. The motion of the base with respect to the mass is commonly transformed into an electrical voltage. The electrical voltage is recorded on paper, magnetic tape, or another recording medium. This record is proportional to the motion of the seismometer mass relative to the earth, but it can be mathematically converted to a record of the absolute motion of the ground. Seismograph generally refers to the seismometer and its recording device as a single unit.(http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/glossary/?termID=167)

2. Bio battery


This battery runs on recycled paper like newspaper.The process works by using the enzyme cellulase to decompose the materials into glucose sugar. These were then combined with oxygen and further enzymes which turned the material into electrons and hydrogen ions.These are then turned into electricity.

3.Laser that creates rain

http://www.popsci.com/technology/articl ... ain-demand

Laser pulses strip electrons from atoms in the air and promote formation of hydroxyl radicals. Those in turn make sulfur and nitrogen dioxides into particles which can form the basis for water droplets -- not unlike how current cloud seeding methods use silver iodide crystals as the "seeds" for water droplets.

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Re: w08 Expand the Vision

Post by hnavery » Wed Mar 07, 2012 9:37 pm

1. X-ray microtomography (Industrial CT Scanning)
Using x-ray microtomography we can analyze and visualize slices of microfossils from varying depths of ocean sediments. The layers would be begin with the recent past and take the viewer deeper into the ocean floor as well as thousands and millions of years into the past.

http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/ ... s/how.html

2. Nanopore Genome Sequencer
“Oxford Nanopore’s system uses nanopore sequencing to rapidly read DNA sequences. A strand of DNA is fed through a biological pore and the various bases are identfied by measuring the difference in their electrical conductivity as they pass through the pore.
The Oxford machines will be configured as scalable computer clusters, so that new ‘nodes’ can be added to them, so that users can customize the machines. The initial system will feature a nodes containing 2,000 nanopores that can read DNA at a rate of hundreds of kilobases per second, the company said. Next year, the company will begin selling nodes containing 8,000 nanopores; 20 of these combined would theoretically be able to sequence an entire human genome in 15 minutes, says Gordon Sanghera, Oxford’s chief executive.”

Parts of genomes sequenced by the device would be constantly scrolling on the walls of the gallery space. New viewers of the space could also participate by having their own DNA sequenced then and there at the exhibit. A computer would be available so that viewers could produce another projection that would organize the genome in various ways (most common sequence, search for particular sequence, etc)

http://www.nature.com/news/nanopore-gen ... ut-1.10051

3. A Self-Assembly Pathway to Aligned Monodomain Gels
Heating up peptide amphiphiles (PAs) causes them to self-assemble and remain bundled nanofibres upon cooling. By injecting this polymers into saline solution we can form monodomain gels of aligned filaments. The cells remain viable during the process and the monodomain gels can be drawn to arbitrary lengths and geometrical contours.


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Re: w08 Expand the Vision

Post by mel.weismann » Wed Mar 07, 2012 9:51 pm

1. Thermography - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermography

Thermal imaging cameras detect infrared radiation - that is wavelengths of between 9.000 and 14.000 nanometers. All objects warmer than absolute zero give off this kind of radiation; the warmer an object, the more radiation it emits, so thermography can therefore show variations in temperature. Good for surveillance, useful for firefighters, finding things that are overheating or leaking, medical imaging and diagnosis

2. Array-based vapour-sensing devices: “smell imaging” - http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v4 ... 682a0.html, http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v4 ... 710a0.html

Array-based vapour-sensing devices can tell what they are “smelling” - that is, they use a special color-changing dye to detect chemical compounds in the air and decide what smell the combination of those compounds produces, rather than just picking out the individual compounds. Smells can now be identified visually by the patch of colors they produce in the dye - each odor has something like a “color fingerprint”. Could be used to detect gases/other things in the air that you DON’T want to smell (because it’s bad for you or something).

3. fMRI -
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional ... ce_imaging

Functional magnetic resonance imaging provides an image of how blood flow is affected by different neural activities. It measures the changing magnetic properties of the blood’s hemoglobin (the oxygen-transport protein) to produce this image. This technique can be used to tell what parts of the brain activate during different kinds of tasks/thoughts, to see what part of the brain is in control of these actions.

http://newscenter.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ - interpreting brainwaves via fMRI to ‘see’ what people are thinking about

4. Nanocantilever biological sensors -
http://www.purdue.edu/uns/html4ever/200 ... ocant.html, http://www.understandingnano.com/nanoca ... ensor.html

Nanocantilever sensors are nano-scale levers (like seesaws) that vibrate at different frequencies when different particles adhere to them. Because they are so small, they can detect even minute quantities of something - like bacteria or viruses. By attaching specific antibodies to these cantilevers, one can search only for specific compounds that will stick to those antibodies only. Because they are so small, the frequency of the nanocantilevers’ vibrations is measured using laser sensors. These cantilevers are mere atoms in thickness which means that many of them can fit into a very small space (allowing them to have lots of different sensorial applications).

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Re: w08 Expand the Vision

Post by brenna.osborn1 » Wed Mar 07, 2012 9:59 pm

1. Haptic Technology
http://www.popsci.com/technology/articl ... virtual-3-

Haptic Technology allows the user to interact with an interface by touch. This is done in a number of ways that are still being explored. The technology uses vibrations and forces to connect with the user, such as rumble packs on video game consoles. One device created by a Japanese inventor allows a person to interact with and actually feel a 3d object. To do this, he has created a robot hand that a person's fingertips fit into which control where the fingers rest. The robot knows the surface area of the 3d object and as a result simulates it.

2. Performance Capture or Motion Capture

Performance Capture technology allows for a person's movements to be translated onto a digital model. This technology is used for many films and video games today in which actors' performances and movement are translated into 3d animation. Using markers on key parts of the body, the camera picks up these marks and transforms them into data that moves the corresponding model. This was used in James Cameron's Avatar for both body and facial performance captures. The youtube link shows how the actor's expressions were translated very realistically onto their 3d counterparts.

3. 3D Printing
http://austin.ynn.com/content/living/28 ... ew-mediums

3D Printing is a process in which a special kind of printer produces a 3D object. The printer applies layers upon layers of material to build up an object whether it be a sculpture or prosthetics. Nylons, Plastics, Metals and Ceramics are now available to be printed using this technology. They are used from making artwork to models to commercial items. They are currently being used most commonly for creating molds and rapid product prototyping

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Re: w08 Expand the Vision

Post by ewoodworth » Wed Mar 07, 2012 10:16 pm

1) Eye Tracking

I was introduced to this technology through Mick Ebeling’s Eyewriter, which allowed a paralyzed graffiti artist suffering from ALS to communicate and create drawings through his eye movements. With further research, I discovered how the technology works. With enough money and medical insurance, anyone with ALS can communicate through technology. However, not until the Eyewriter has this technology become affordable and accessible to virtually anyone. Using ordinary supplies from Home Depot and Radio Shack, a PS3 camera mounted to an LED light, you can build the device yourself. The code and software required have both been published and made available for free.
http://www.ted.com/talks/mick_ebeling_t ... rtist.html

2) Flying Robots

Palm-sized flying robots that are capable of working as a team. Their motion is not based on GPS, but rather each robot is fitted with gyroscopes and other sensors that feed information about its position and things around it to an on-board processor, which operates as a brain, letting it react autonomously and instantly to situations. In other words, the robots motion is defined by where it is and what is around it.
http://www.physorg.com/news/2012-03-rob ... -team.html

3) Self Assembly- Biased Chains

Biased Chains are prototypic chain structures that aim at passive assembly. Each link in the chain has a specific direction of folding that the user decides and places in the creation process. Once the chain is constructed, the user takes the chain and shakes it, allowing each of the units to click into place. Depending on each of the links’ designated orientations, the chain will fold into different patterns.
http://www.ted.com/talks/skylar_tibbits ... elves.html

4) Hypersonic Speakers

Rather than using one frequency, hypersonic speakers use a crystal that produces two high-pitched beams of sound beyond human hearing. The listener hears the difference in frequency between the two waves. Instead of hearing the sound being emitted from the speaker, the person hears the sound waves that are bouncing back from the walls. In this sense, the room in which you are using the speakers becomes the speaker box itself. So, the level of sound stays the same wherever you move in a room. Imagine going to a concert and having the same quality of sound in the back as you would in the front row.
http://www.ted.com/talks/woody_norris_i ... hings.html

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Re: w08 Expand the Vision

Post by tikamoini » Wed Mar 07, 2012 10:26 pm

Electron Ptychography
A new microscopy technique that does not use lenses could create the highest-resolution images ever seen. This method measures the diffraction patterns of electrons, X-rays, and visible light waves scattered by a sample to reconstruct its image. This new technique eliminates the constraints of imperfect lenses.

http://www.popsci.com/technology/articl ... ny-imaging

Images of Memories
Scientists have been using advanced functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure small, but significant differences in brain activation in a study where young adults completes various verbal tasks. Researchers were able to pinpoint regions of the brain that were activated during memory formation and develop images of memories as they were forming.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/19 ... 073021.htm

Photoelectrochemical water splitting
This is a process in which specialized semiconductors, known as photoelectrochemical materials, use light energy to disassociate water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. This can be used to produce clean hydrogen gas with no green-house byproduct.

http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenand ... mical.html

Solar Panel
A solar panel consists of tightly compacted photovoltaic cells that as a system, generate electricity. The panels uses light energy, photons, collected from the sun. These panels can utilize a range of frequencies of light to produce electricity.


Pasta-Shaped Radio Waves
Italian and Swedish researchers discovered a way to solve radio congestion by twisting radio-waves into the shape of fusili pasta.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/20 ... 083011.htm

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Re: w08 Expand the Vision

Post by wangqian321 » Wed Mar 07, 2012 10:41 pm

3D, 360-degree immersive digital technology
http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-03-3d- ... video.html
Researchers at Osaka University in Japan have made a 3D and 360-degree display that projects from a variety of different angles onto a cylindrical fog display. This combination of multiple-point of view projectors and the cylinder allows for a display that is 3D no matter what side you view it from, though in order to get a holodeck style of projection a much larger set of projectors, and a lot more fog, would need to be on hand. In order to project into the one cylinder of fog, it took three projectors. The researchers expect that at some unnamed time in the future the technology will have applications in both the entertainment and health care arenas.

zero-energy LED technology
http://www.archdaily.com/245/greenpix-z ... edia-wall/
The largest color LED display worldwide, & the first photo-voltaic system integrated into a glass curtain wall in China. the display requires zero external energy, as the facade harvests solar energy by day & uses it to illuminate the screen after dark. the display comprises of 2,292 color (RGB) LED’s light points comparable to a 24,000 sq. ft. (2.200 m2) monitor screen for dynamic content display.
The polycrystalline photovoltaic cells are laminated within the glass of the curtain wall & placed with changing density on the entire building’s skin. the density pattern increases building’s performance, allowing natural light when required by interior program, while reducing heat gain & transforming excessive solar radiation into energy for the media wall.

Xwave for iPhone---brainwave detection
http://gizmodo.com/5632174/xwave-headse ... your-brain
A new application for the iPhone, the XWave, lets you read your own mind via a headset clamped to your head and connected to the phone’s audio jack.The plastic headband, has a sensor that presses against the user’s forehead and communicates with a free XWave iPhone application that then shows your brain waves graphically on the iPhone screen. As you focus your mind on a task the graphics are changed — a ball may move higher for instance, or your state of relaxation may be indicated by changes in a pulsating color, which moves towards blue as you become more relaxed.
Brainwave detection is powered by an NeuroSky eSense dry sensor, which provides a brain-computer interface (BCI) to sense even faint electrical impulses in the brain and convert them to digital signals that are sent to the iPhone. Previous applications of the NeuroSky technology include computer games and toys. In XWave an algorithm is applied to the brain rhythms to convert them to graphical representations of attention and meditation values.

"Ubice": touchscreen made of ice
http://www.physorg.com/news/2010-11-ubi ... video.html
Scientists at the Nokia Research Center in Tampere in Finland projected images on a wall made of blocks of ice 25 cm thick and 50 cm square, and used near-infrared projectors and cameras to determine the position and movements of the hands of users, who saw what looked like flames or colored lights in the ice.
The aim of the technology was to demonstrate "ubiquitous computing," the principle of incorporating computers into everyday objects.An array of near-infrared lights, near-infrared cameras, and a digital projector were positioned behind the ice wall and focused on the front surface. When a user places a hand on the front of the ice wall the invisible near-infrared light is reflected back to the cameras, which transmit the signals to a nearby computer. The computer then uses information from the signals to track the precise position, size and movements of the hand. The digital projector then projects an image of colored light or flames that appears to the user to be in the ice beneath the hand.

Ambient intelligence
http://www.acm.org/uist/archive/adjunct ... 1-buil.pdf
Ambient intelligence (AmI) refers to electronic environments that are sensitive and responsive to the presence of people. Ambient intelligence is a vision on the future of consumer electronics, telecommunications and computing that was originally developed in the late 1990s for the time frame 2010–2020. In an ambient intelligence world, devices work in concert to support people in carrying out their everyday life activities, tasks and rituals in easy, natural way using information and intelligence that is hidden in the network connecting these devices . As these devices grow smaller, more connected and more integrated into our environment, the technology disappears into our surroundings until only the user interface remains perceivable by users.
The Touch Headphones are presented as an example of Ambient Intelligence, and aim to improve interaction with portable music players when on the move. Two capacitive touch sensors in each earpiece enable control via tapping on the earpieces, and an automatic control lock feature.

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